PSYCHOLOGY KNOWLEDGE ONLY
Assignment 1: Enhancing Your Employability
You will need to develop two sets of skills to enhance your employability—hard skills and soft skills.
- Hard skills include career-specific techniques, knowledge, and experience related to the tasks you will perform on the job. For example, to become a psychologist, you would need to develop hard skills such as knowledge of counseling theories, the ability to administer psychological tests, and the ability to diagnose mental illnesses.
- Soft skills, on the other hand, are the skills you need to succeed interpersonally in any job. They are behaviors and attitudes that help you communicate effectively with others, either verbally or nonverbally. These have also been referred to as signs of emotional intelligence, people skills, or interpersonal skills.
In 2006, a consortium of four organizations conducted a survey of four hundred employers to determine which skills they most valued in recently hired employees. The employers listed soft skills as more desirable than hard skills. The employers listed the following skills as the most important (Conference Board et al., 2006): “professionalism/work ethic, oral and written communications, and teamwork/collaboration.” Click here to view a list of applied skills.
- Click here to review the key skills most valued by employers. Note the finding that most college graduates lacked many of these skills.
Complete the following:
- Describe the differences between hard and soft skills. Cite at least one academic source for this description.
- Analyze the possible reasons for the recent findings that fewer college graduates are employment ready. In other words, explain why they are lacking in hard and soft skills. Back up your ideas and opinions with information cited from this module’s required readings or other academic sources.
- Select at least three hard or soft skills you believe you have demonstrated well in school or at work and provide illustrative examples of situations in which you have demonstrated the skills.
- Select three hard or soft skills you believe you need to acquire or improve upon. Provide examples of situations in which you might have demonstrated a weakness in those areas. Provide specific details when describing each situation. Cover the following:
- How do you think you can improve your skills in these three areas?
- Are there any specific steps you can take to increase your aptitude in those particular areas?
Conference Board, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, Corporate Voices for Working Families, & Society for Human Resource Management. (2006). Are they really ready to work? Employers’ perspectives on the basic knowledge and applied skills of new entrants to the 21st century U.S. workforce. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/FINAL_REPORT_PDF09-29-06.pdf
- Write your initial response in a minimum of 300–400 words. Apply APA standards to cite sources.