1. T F Some herbs may lower or raise blood pressure.
2. T F Originally, the term â€œherbâ€ only applied to woody
3. T F Drugs made from fungi cure diseases and stop the
rejection of transplanted hearts and other organs.
4. T F Chi represents the vital energy of the body flowing
along invisible energy channels.
5. T F Astringent herbs neutralize excess acid in the stomach.
6. T F Licensing presumes that an activity is forbidden until it
is permitted through a license.
7. T F Monocots are characterized by theircotyledon.
8. T F Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study of
9. T F Dandelions are of one of the most common medicinal
herbs that live with us in our neighborhoods.
10. T F Flavonoids aid in the bodyâ€™s absorption and utilization
of Vitamin C.
11. T F Good herbal medicine is an ongoing feedback process.
12. T F Most algae have roots stems, leaves or flowers.
13. T F Hippocrates categorized all foods and herbs, along these
same lines, by fundamental qualities: hot, cold, dry, or
14. T F Vitamins C and E, the minerals selenium and germanium,
superoxide dismutase (SOD), and Coenzyme Q10 are
all considered free radicals.
15. T F A good fiber supplement can be used on a daily basis
along with a healthy diet to help maintain regularity
16. T F The stomach is composed of multiple regions: cardiac,
fundic, body and pyloric.
17. T F Analgesic herbs help relieve pain.
18. T F Epiphyte is a state of greatly reduced metabolism
in which a plant or part of a plant is alive but not
19. T F Skullcap is bitter in taste and cooling in action. It calms
20. T F Connector nerve cells carry messages from the brain
and spinal cord to the glands and muscles throughout
21. T F Pistil is the male organ of a flowering plant.
22. T F Colon cancer is the #1 leading cancer killer in the United
23. T F Glands are groups of cells, or organs that produce
secretions for use elsewhere in the body, or in a body
cavity or for elimination from the body.
24. T F Liniment is a tea made from boiling plant material,
usually the bark, rhizomes, roots or other woody parts
25. T F Fruits and berries should be harvested when ripe and
not yet squishy.
26. T F The secretion of gastric juices is regulated by the neural
and hormonal systems.
27. T F Ginseng is recommended for loss of appetite, insomnia,
stress, exhaustion, environmental stress, concentration,
overall health and recovery after illness.
28. T F Without a clean blood supply, normal cell renewal
cannot take place.
29. T F The heart receives a dual blood supply from the hepatic
artery and the portal vein, and is by far the most
important metabolic and detoxification organ.
30. T F Cascara Sagrada is a safe herb to use during pregnancy
31. T F Burdock root was traditionally used to treat cancer and
cleanse the blood.
32. T F Myrrh gum has a very pale light color, reflecting its NOTES
33. T F Sap from the trees is usually collected in the spring as it
34. T F Antibiotics are medications that help the body fight
infection by neutralizing or destroying bacteria.
35. T F L-Carnitine can help reduce fat and triglyceride levels
in the blood.
36. T F Aloe Vera leaves are usually cut from 2-3 year old
37. T F Cellulose is found in the inner layers of fruits and
38. T F Chelation Therapy is a natural way of cleansing the
arteries of plaque build-up.
39. T F Rosemary grows well in neutral to alkaline soil and in
40. T F Experts believe there is a definite link between the
ability of the liver to detoxify and Parkinsonâ€™s disease,
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Alzheimerâ€™s disease, lupus
and rheumatoid arthritis.
41. T F Spirulina and chlorella are high in chlorophyll and work
as effective detoxification aids and energy boosters.
42. T F Candida albicans is a parasitic yeast-like fungus which
thrives in cold-blooded animals.
43. T F Ephedra and Licorice are very effective in lowering
44. T F Black Cohosh and Don Quai may be useful in the
treatment of menopause.
45. T F Detoxification is the process of reducing the bodyâ€™s
toxic build-up of various poisonous substances.
46. T F Candida can be sexually transmitted from one person to
47. T F Bromelain can be used with anticoagulant (blood
48. T F Feverfew is an effective remedy for migraine
49. T F Essential Fatty Acids can be manufactured by the body
under the right conditions.
50. T F Boswellia Gum is often found in herbal arthritis
51. T F Herbology utilizes the healing power of herbs to
stimulate the bodyâ€™s own healing ability.
52. T F Studies have shown garlic extract and concentrated
garlic oil to have similar or better effects than several
pharmaceutical preparations with lower toxicity.
53. T F Nephritis is a general term for inflammation of the liver,
which causes the filtration system to break down.
54. T F Hypoglycemia can cause or at least exacerbate ADD.
55. T F Goldenseal can be an effective remedy for the common
cold and infections.
56. T F Margarine is considered a polyunsaturated fat.
57. T F Applied Kinesiology can determine health imbalances in
the bodyâ€™s organs and glands by identifying weaknesses
in specific muscles.
58. T F Basil, Chamomile, Caraway, Catnip, and Cinnamon,
are aromatic herbs.
59. T F Selenium is a non-essential mineral involved primarily
in the neutralization of antioxidants.
60. T F Infected tonsils can be treated with Echinacea,
Honeysuckle flower, Elderberry, Forsythia fruit, Isatis
root, White sage, and Grapefruit Seed extract.
61. T F Green tea can be a soothing bedtime drink for babies
suffering from insomnia.
62. T F The base for most salves is a mixture of a wax and a
63. T F People with diabetes should carefully monitor their
blood glucose and may require reduction in standard
anti-hyperglycemic agents when taking Milk Thistle.
64. T F Haemostatic herbs help the nervous system, by NOTES
strengthening, relaxing or stimulating it.
65. T F A hot foot bath should be of as high a temperature as can
be tolerated, so as to redden the skin of the immersed
66. T F Ayurvedic Medicine categorizes herbs by looking at
what kind of conditions can be treated with their help.
67. T F St. Johnâ€™s Wort should not be taken with prescription
antidepressants or during pregnancy and lactation.
68. T F A liniment is a topical preparation that contains
alcohol or oil and stimulating, warming herbs such as
69. T F White flour is made by stripping the grain of virtually
all nutrient: fiber, vitamins, minerals, essential oils and
even proteins to some extent.
70. T F Circulatory disorders and heart disease can be treated
71. T F Tonic herbs strengthen or invigorate organs or the entire
72. T F The most suitable vessels for infusions are made of
tinned iron or aluminum.
73. T F Turmeric should be avoided by persons with symptoms
74. T F Aloe Vera should be taken with Digoxin (a heart
75. T F Valerian may contribute to hyperactivity if mixed with
76. T F Glycerin is the sweet fraction of a fixed oil found in all
true fats, except cholesterol.
77. T F Cold infusions are made using 1 part herb to 5 parts
78. T F Suppositories are a great way to administer herbs to
children who canâ€™t take them orally.
79. T F The absorption of Vitamin C is reduced by Aspirin.
80. T F Potassium-depleting diuretics, including loop diuretics,
cause the body to lose potassium.
81. T F â€œLicensingâ€ and â€œcertificationâ€ are basically the same.
82. T F Some herbs, like valerian root, are best macerated rather
than infused or decocted.
83. T F Wheat berries are whole grains that havenâ€™t been
processed in any way.
84. T F Syrups are made by combining refined sugar with
infusions or decoctions.
85. T F Zinc combined with iron and Tetracycline antibiotics
increases the absorption of zinc (and visa versa).
86. T F The goal of the herbalist is to release the volatile oils,
flavones, antimicrobials, nutrients, aromatics and other
healing substances an herb contains.
87. T F By the time weâ€™re three years old, we lose the required
enzymes to digest dairy products, especially milk.
88. T F Due to their high potassium content apples do not
combine with heart drugs well and can lead to dangerous
89. T F Beeswax is added to ointments to get a firm
90. T F Grinding herbs in a domestic grinder generates heat,
which can cause chemical changes in the herbs.
91. T F Sugar consumption has not increased much in the past
92. T F Wormwood is a uterine stimulant that may also cause
93. T F The term vinegar is derived from French, meaning â€œsour
94. T F Tinctures are normally less concentrated than infusions
95. T F Compresses can be used to treat headaches, sore
muscles, itchy skin and swollen glands.
96. T F Drinking too much water will lead to water retention. NOTES
97. T F Vegans should include a regular source of vitamin B-12
in their diets along with a source of vitamin D if sun
exposure is limited.
98. T F A poultice will draw impurities from the body.
99. T F Steam inhalants are not recommended for conditions
such as asthma, colds, and sinusitis.
100. T F Pharmacokinetic interactions refer to changes that occur
as medicines move in and out of the body.
Write the correct answer
on the answer sheet provided
1. _______ is a parasitic yeast-like fungus which thrives in warmblooded
A Candida Albicans
2. Spermatophytes are seed producing:
C Male animals
3. Ibuprofen may cause ________ and water retention.
4. The ________ is responsible for such vital functions as: regulating
blood sugar, energy production as well as hormone production
5. Herbs that stimulate uterine contractions in order to induce
labor are called:
6. The single biggest source of refined sugars in the American diet
A Carbonated drinks
B Candy bars
7. Diuretic herbs increase the secretion and elimination of:
8. An herb that has a normalizing effect by correcting whatever is
wrong within the body is called an:
9. ______ contains a chemical which protects the body from
radiation exposure and heavy metal toxicity.
10. Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called:
B Varicose veins
11. The Chinese add garlic, onion, or ______ to oils before cooking
meats to reduce toxicity.
C Lemon juice
12. Agents that block or slow oxidation, which produce free radicals
are called :
13. ____________ is one of the most important heart tonics in
Ayurvedic Medicine, used to treat all forms of heart disease.
B Astralagus Root
C Arjuna Bark
14. The process to extract the soluble constituents of a plant with
the assistance of gravity is called:
15. ________ are the least perishable portion of the plant.
16. ___________ mostly effects people of European decent.
A Celiac Disease
B Lactose intolerance
17. _____ are found in dark yet luminous blue, black red and
violet fruits and vegetables.
18. If the label says ________, the preparation contains alcohol.
19. The drug Clofibrate, has been reported to reduce the absorption
20. The correlation between _____ intake and vision has been
known for a long time.
B Vitamin K
C Vitamin A
21. ______ is not a single disease but rather a family of disease
characterized by abnormal cell growth.
22. During the ______ society saw the first two-tier health system
emerge: herbs for the poor and exotics (plant, animal or mineral
extracts) and drugs for the rich.
23. Black Cohosh, Blue Cohosh, Cramp Bark, and False Unicorn
root are classified as:
24. A ________ is a water-based mixture that is applied to the
skin as a cooling or soothing remedy to relieve irritation or
25. In addition to its selective solvent properties, ________
paralyzes enzymes, and at the same time prevents the growth
of yeast, molds, other fungi and most bacteria.
A Olive Oil
26. Alterative herbs (E.g. Burdock, Red Clover) are known as:
A Blood Purifiers
27. ____, the author of the English Physician, was an enormously
influential English herbalist.
28. Wild Yam can interact with the following drug:
B No known drug interactions
29. ______are one of the largest and most commonly found
parasites in humans.
30. Most ____ can irritate the skin and should be diluted before
using for massage.
C Essential oils
31. In ______ John Gerard, an English Master-surgeon published
his vast herbal, one of the first to contain any original material
32. _______ stimulates the circulation, lymphatic system, and
A Poria Mushroom
B Prickly Ash Bark
C Long Pepper
33. The _______ system is the communication network of the
34. Calcium, combined with ____may contribute to a higher risk
B Pain Killers
35. ____ oil is one of natureâ€™s richest vegetable sources of Omega
3 fatty acids.
36. ______ help produce movement by pulling the bone into a new NOTES
37. ________ is a well known reliable remedy for migraine
C Milk Thistle
38. Aloe Vera should not be taken with Digoxin because the
combination may contribute to dangerously low _______
39. The ________ system consists of the heart and blood vessels.
40. ______ are chemicals produced in one part of the body that
have an effect on another part of the system.
41. _____________ is safe and effective for chronic skin
A Red Clover
42. ______ are an infusion of medicinal or culinary herbs in a
fixed oil menstruum.
A Oil infusions
B Vinegar infusions
C Wine infusions
43. The random mixing together of herbs was dubbed ______ by
Eclectic physicians of the last century, who looked down on it
as an ill-conceived practice.
44. Essential or volatile oils are complex concentrated chemicals
45. Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study of health
A Traditional Chinese Medicine
B Native American Medicine
C Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine
46. According to TCM, when the ____ is strong the body is energetic,
warm and powerful.
47. Plant _____ are catalytic proteins that make possible many
complex chemical reactions in the body.
48. ____ is a classic nutritive tonic herb, rich in chlorophyll,
protein, calcium, trace minerals, folic acid, and vitamins B6,
E, and K.
A Aloe Vera
49. Castor Oil is used externally to stimulate movement and
elimination in the lymphatic system, and internally as a
B Appetite suppressant
50. _______ is a true liver tonic, useful for treating numerous liver
and gallbladder conditions, including hepatitis and cirrhosis.
B Milk Thistle
Fill in the blanks
(write the missing word or words on the answer sheet)
1. In a test of oregano, mint, basil, sage, and coriander essential oils
for activity against yeast and fungi, __________ proved to be the
strongest, inhibiting the yeast broth completely at 1,000 parts per
2. The ___________ is the reproductive unit of some plants
3. Herbs that gradually restore proper function to the body by increasing
health and vitality are called ______________.
4. ___________ diseases tend to be external, excessive, hot, and dry
5. The ____________is the main supporting axis of a flowering plant.
6. People with allergies to plants of the Asteraceae family (ragweed,
chrysanthemum, and aster) should avoid the use of ____________.
7. ___________disease tend to be internal, deficient, cold and damp
8. ___________was the first to compose an herbal in the Western
9. ___________can be used externally, for muscular tension, and
osteoarthritis; Internally, for gastrointestinal disorders, fever,
diabetic neuropathy, circulation and shingles.
10. Anthelminitic herbs destroy or expel intestinal ____________.
11. ___________, or seed plants, are some of the most important
organisms on Earth.
12. The four main herbs that make up Essiac are Burdock Root, Elm
Inner Bark, Sorrel, and____________.
13. ___________believe that the eye markings can actually reveal a
complete history of past illnesses as well as previous treatment.
14. ___________is defined primarily as the use of muscle testing to
identify imbalances in the bodyâ€™s structural, chemical, emotional
or other energy, to establish the bodyâ€™s priority healing needs.
15. ____________herbs strengthen, stimulate or tone the stomach.
16. The upper surface of the tongue contains a small collection of cells
17. A plant capable of adapting itself to growing either in shallow water
or in saturated soil is called a ____________.
18. One of the earliest Materia Medica was the ____________, written
by Diocles of Caryotos, a pupil of Aristotle.
19. The largest bone in the human body is the thighbone and called the
20. ___________is the foundation of all herbal medicine treatments,
since herbs themselves are simply specialized food sources.
21. The ____________is a temporary blood store that fills up with
blood in preparation for delivery to the ventricle.
22. Expectorant herbs help expel excess _________from the lungs and
the respiratory passages.
23. The parent plant from which all subsequent stock of a particular
variety, clone, cultivar or strain have been derived is called the
24. Eight of the twenty-two known ____________ are considered
â€œessential,â€ and must be obtained from dietary sources because
they cannot be synthesized by the body.
25. Herbs that stimulates the expulsion of gas from the gastrointestinal
tract are called ____________.
26. The most abundant mineral in the body is ____________.
27. Chelation Therapy uses ____________to carry out heavy metals
like lead, cadmium, and arsenic, as well as other foreign substances,
from the body.
28. Deficiency of ____________(an essential mineral found in all
body tissues) leads to a variety of abnormalities, including anemia,
skeletal defects, degeneration of the nervous system, reproductive
failure, pronounced cardiovascular lesions, elevated blood
cholesterol, impaired immunity and defects in the pigmentation
and structure of hair.
29. The liver, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and lymphatic system are
interrelated in the _________ systemâ€™s normal function.
30. Herbs that stimulate the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands
are called _________ .
31. ________ is considered the worldâ€™s most expensive herb by
32. ________ is a favorite culinary herb and source of thymol, a
potent antiseptic used in oral hygiene products.
33. ________ is the use of essential oils in massage, inhalations, baths,
natural room fragrances and perfumes to maintain and improve
health and vitality.
34. ________ are prepared by steeping the herb in water at room
temperature for 12 hours, then strain or press.
35. The _________ Flower Remedies were devised in the 1930s by
Dr. Edward _________ , a practicing homeopath.
36. The use of the herb _________ in the treatment of heart disease
was developed by William Withering, an English physician in the
37. ________ are made by soaking a clean cloth in an infusion,
decoction or diluted tincture.
38. People taking thyroid medication should not consume _________
products within 3 hours of taking their medication.
39. The _________ are the most diverse group of algae, with more
than 7000 species growing in a variety of habitats.
40. ________ consists of a pulp or paste made by heating chopped
fresh, dried, or powdered herbs with a little water.
41. The part of the fungus that we see is only the _________ of the
42. ________ plants have specialized vascular tissue consisting of a
series of tubes for transporting fluids.
43. ________ is well known for its antibacterial, antiseptic and
wound-healing properties, as well as its calming effect when used
as an aromatherapy.
44. A _________ (word derived from the ancient language of lunar
astrology) is the solvent used to make extracts.
45. ________ is well known in both homeopathy and herbology for
the treatment of sprains and bruises when the skin is not broken.
46. ________ , (though not an herb) is a natural antibiotic that is very
effective for both internal and external use. It has been shown to
kill germs, viruses, yeast, mold, fungus and parasites and should be
included in every homeâ€™s natural first aid kit.
47. ________ are characterized by helically arranged simple leaves,
usually with a single vein, called microphylls.
48. ________ are employed to deliver herbs directly to rectal mucous
membranes, which readily absorb them into the bloodstream.
49. The term _________ (in relation to herbs) signifies that the plant
has grown wild in nature without human intervention and ideally
has been consciously harvested from unpolluted areas with full
regard for the plant communities and care for ecological balance.
50. Digoxin is a drug originally derived from the _________ plant.