When extracting an organic compound from an aqueous solution into an organic solvent (e., diethyl ether), a chemist will sometimes add sodium…

1. When extracting an organic compound from an aqueous solution into an organic solvent (e.g., diethyl ether), a chemist will sometimes add sodium chloride to the aqueous solution. What is the purpose of such an addition? What is the procedure called? Why is the procedure used in this experiment called liquid-liquid extraction?

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